Wednesday, 22 April 2015

Equipment used in Intensive Care Unit

A patient usually is put in an intensive care unit when assistance is required for the normal functioning of the organs of the human body. This situation may arise either after a major surgery, an accident, a cardiac arrest, old age or failure of some major organ or organs of the body. In an intensive care unit there are several kinds of equipment to keep the vital organs of the body functioning. Depending upon the nature of the care required these equipment are used on the patient brought in the intensive care unit.
Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Equipment
 
However, there is some basic specialized equipment which normally every patient is put on in an intensive care unit. These are:

Monitoring Equipment

In an intensive care unit it is essential to have equipment that monitor all the important organs of the body.  The patient in an intensive care unit is connected to a monitor that displays the blood pressure, heart beat, and respiratory rate. The cardiac or heart monitor to trace the activity of the heart, the pulse oximeter to examine and watch the saturation of the oxygen in the blood, the swan-ganz or pulmonary artery catheter to measure the amount of fluid filling the heart, and the arterial lines to continuously measure the blood pressure are the basic monitoring that is displayed on the monitor. The respiratory rate gives the information on how well the patient is breathing by showing the intake of oxygen and breathes out of carbon di oxide. This monitor, if shows any reflection of an abnormal reading the patient can be taken care of as per the need.
 

Catheters

A patient in the ICU is usually not in a condition to eat or drink orally so is put on an intravenous or IV catheter which may be put into a blood vessel to give fluids and drugs. There are different kinds of catheters that are inserted in the human body depending upon the condition of the patient.
 
Central Venous Catheter (CVC): The central venous catheter is used to administer frequent medication, to administer multiple IV products, and to measure central venous pressure. It is inserted in the central vein, either in the neck, chest, or in the groin area. Sutures secure the CVC so that it can be used for many days.
Intravenous (IV): This is a plastic catheter inserted into the larger vein of the neck since patient in the ICU usually require multiple medications, nutrition preparations and blood products. Patients in the ICU often have many IVs.
 
Chest Tubes: Chest tubes help in draining off the extra fluid that accumulates in the chest to enable the lungs to expand so that it can breathe normally.
Urinary Catheter: Urinary catheter is inserted through the urethra into the bladder for the continuous drain of the urine. It also helps in examining and managing the kidney function by assessing the output of the urine.
 

Life Supportive Devices in the ICU:

When a patient is very critical and is unable to breathe by him or herself they are put on a ventilator. It supports the patient in breathing by attaching an endotracheal tube into the mouth of the patient and to the ventilator.
Depending upon the illness, age and the need of the patient other ICU equipment is used.
All the equipment being used in the hospital should be of very superior quality and of latest technique to be able to save a precious life.
GPC Medical guarantees all the users of its medical equipment that they are very conscious in delivering the best products to all its clients in all parts of the world.